1. How does Voltaire contrast harsh reality with the ideals of optimism in order to discredit optimism as a viable philosophy of life?
2. Describe some of the satirical techniques that Voltaire uses to satirize "important" individuals, the military, and religious figures. How is the humor achieved in the description of the characters?
3. How does Voltaire develop the theme of religious hypocrisy and intolerance in Chapters 1-19?
4. How does Voltaire design the opening chapter of Candide to be recognized as a parody of the Biblical story of the Fall, and why would Voltaire do this?